Monthly Archives: October 2008
Is the prospect of global warming, war civil unrest, nuclear, biological and chemical terrorism, emerging diseases, famine, drought, and huge natural, technological and environmental disasters filling you with anxiety and fear about your future on our tiny planet? Are you troubled by the lack of solutions to these growing problems and, most importantly, how you will survive them? Well fear no more … the answers to all these questions and many others are only a click away…
Two years ago in 2011, the film Contagion was released. The story is about how a deadly virus spreads around the world and wreaks havoc with society.
A few years earlier, ABC-TV presented the movie Fatal Contact, Bird Flu in America, a fictional account of the devastating effects of a bird flu pandemic in the United States. It followed the virus as it traveled from a market in Hong Kong and mutated into a human-to-human strain that quickly spread across the globe. After it was broadcast last year, nearly 2000 of you wrote I.P.N. asking questions about the program and, what our official position was on it.
Normally, we would have dismissed programs like these as entertainment designed to attract viewers and exploit their fears about the subject for ratings & ticket sales. In this case, it wasn’t … because it dramatically illustrated just how bad things could become if the H5N1 strain of flu mutates into a human-to-human transmissible form.
Five years ago in Sumatra, it mutated into a highly virulent human-to-human strain that infected eight family members and killed seven – see links http://www.washtimes.com/world/20060624-125410-3025r.htmhttp://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/06/23/AR2006062300248.html?nav=rss_world
Currently, humans have no immunity to H5N1.
Fortunately for all of us, this form of avian flu hasn’t spread yet, however, as most already know, our world is at the beginning stages of a Pandemic that the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared is the fastest spreading in history. According to the WHO, “The 2009 influenza pandemic has spread internationally with unprecedented speed. In past pandemics, influenza viruses have needed more than six months to spread as widely as the new H1N1 virus has spread in less than six weeks,”
Since it was first detected in Mexico City (April 2009) H1N1 has killed over 1154 worldwide (and counting). Most of the deaths have been in the Americas. Currently, there are over 1 million Americans infected and it is expected that tens of millions (in the US and around the world) more will be infected with it before the year ends.
The most troubling aspect of this development is that a virus of this type could conceivably combine with the avian flu H5N1 or other viruses and trigger a global pandemic similar to the Spanish flu (another avian flu virus) Pandemic of 1918 that killed 675,000 Americans and approx. 50-100 million people worldwide.
With the numbers adjusted for the increase in world population, a similar pandemic would kill upwards of 2-3 million Americans over a period of 9-15 months and quite possibly, 150-300 million worldwide. As frightening as it may seem, it could even be much worse than this. In poor countries like Africa, Southern Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, there are no buffers to prevent the spread.
It could sweep across these countries like a biological brush fire, leaving a trail of death and suffering in its wake on a scale not seen since the “Black Death” swept through Europe in the 14th century see:http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/plague.htm
The H5N1 Avian flu strain has a 50-100% mortality rate. See: http://www.medicinenet.com/bird_flu/article.htm this means that in a hypothetical situation where 100 people are infected, between 50 & 100% of them will die upon contracting the virus.
Even a mild pandemic would increase the annual death for influenza by a factor of 10 from approx. 36,000 see link: http://www.cdc.gov/od/oc/media/pressrel/r030107.htm to about 300,000.
The social and economic impact of this type of event cannot be understated. In the United States, a major flu pandemic could provoke:
- A serous economic depression that would last for many years after it ends.
- A partial collapse of our already fragile and highly flawed healthcare system. This would severely impact the poor & elderly who are dependant on Medicaid and Medicare. In addition, the 12 to twenty million undocumented residents will find it nearly impossible to acquire even minimal (emergency room) medical services during the pandemic, and, many months after. Diabetics, asthmatics and other people dependant on prescription medication will be hit hardest because of the lack of availability for long periods.
- Major social problems. Sadly, many xenophobes will blame Mexico for the outbreak and turn their rage against the nation and even the Mexican (Latin American) community. Hate crimes toward Mexicans & other Latin American immigrants (and citizens) will increase along with tensions along the border.
- Infrastructural problems transportation, food processing, water treatment, power generation (especially for nuclear power plants) and many other major critical services will suffer from disruptions created by stricken personnel.
These are only some of the troubles. There will be many more. In a worse case scenario, they could be cataclysmic.
The only question here is: are you prepared if the worst happens?
Or even the least?
If you aren’t read on. The following document will outline all of the major survival strategies needed to help you survive any type of pandemic.
The highest urban risk areas listed below are marked with the bio hazard symbol one indicates low risk, two medium, three high, and four very high:
The best way to avoid illness is to minimize your exposure to the contagion. This is very difficult to manage in a crowded city but, it isn’t impossible. Continue reading to learn about how you must change your behavior during a pandemic to avoid contact with this potentially lethal contagion.
Tamiflu is not the answer!
Currently, the only medicine that has been somewhat effective in treating H1N1 is a drug called Tamiflu (oseltamivir). It has been shown to be useful in some cases when taken before serious illness develops but, the H5N1 strain is showing signs that it may be developing a resistance. New types such as the A(H1N1) type found in Brazil have a nearly 10% lethality rate for people with low risk factors.
This recent development is forcing many governments around the world to rethink their H1N1 fighting strategies. Clearly, having stockpiles of Tamiflu will not be enough to combat this powerful virus. It will take a combination of methods to help keep it under control. Isolation and hygiene are the two best methods.
The following is a list of some of the others:
- You must make your body as inhospitable to flu viruses as possible. If a pandemic breaks out, modify your diet to include as many flu fighting foods and beverages as you can. If you contract it, this will slow down the replication of the virus (viral load) in your system enough to keep it from spiraling out of control.
- A Korean fermented cabbage dish called Kimchi (pronounced Kimâchee) that has shown some promise after a study by scientists in Seoul, Korea who discovered that 11 of 13 chickens infected with the avian flu recovered after they were fed an extract of Kimchi. It might have the same effects on H1N1 see links:
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/4347443.stmhttp://times.hankooki.com/lpage/nation/200510/kt2005101217270011950.htm, http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1504289/posts http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/health/2002608490_flucure07.html
- Dark grape juice may help to keep the viral load low if you contract it. It contains substances called tannins. This has been known to kill flu viruses in laboratories. Elderberries (known as the “Englishman’s grape) may also help to keep the viral load lower under control if it is taken before the illness becomes severe. It contains a number of compounds that are effective against flu viruses. Never use Elderberry unless it is the commercially produced extract. The flowers, unripe berries, bark, roots, leaves contain enough cyanide to produce cyanide poisoning or even death. Look for elderberry capsules, juice, syrup, in your local health food store. The preferred product is called Sambucol, a black elderberry extract that may help to minimize flu symptoms. A recent study conducted by Dr. Erling Thom & his team at the University of Oslo in Norway demonstrated that 93% of flu patients that were given Sambucol lost all symptoms in 48 hours.
It included 60 patients that were struggling with severe flu symptoms from two different strains of the virus for approx. two days. 90% had a “type A,” the others had a type “B.” 1/2 of the group was given 15 milliliters of Sambucol & the other half were given placebos four times a day for a five day period. The Sambucol patients conditions rapidly improved in 72 hours and 90% were completely cured during that period. In addition, the patients treated with Sambucol had no pronounced side effects (drowsiness, dizziness etc) as other anti-virals such as Tamiflu produce.
The placebo group did not fare as well. They didn’t begin to normalize until six days later & they also took more symptom reduction medications. Elderberry extract could be one of the most effective and safe treatments available. Sambucol is the only form of elderberry that has had proven results in laboratory studies. It is important to note that some believe that elderberry can trigger a “cytokene storm.”
Simply stated, this is a hyper-reaction of your immune system. Essentially, Cytokines are molecules that function to signal your body’s immune system to respond to infections and invading microorganisms. The body uses white cells called macrophages that are activated by bacteria, viruses & circulating white cells called CD8+T-lymphocytes that attack when they are exposed to flu viruses and the proteins that they produce.
These cells create cytokines such as Interferon (gamma, alpha & beta) Tumor Necrosis Factor, Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein and others that work to destroy the foreign invader. Too many cytokines are like a heavy rainstorm that flood the body with these immune cells can cause major problems (tissue inflammation, and lead toward death. This particular strain of flu may provoke an abnormal immune system response that triggers a Some believe the elderberry can trigger a cytokine storm, but most reports are unproven clinically. Diabetics who use Sambucol should carefully monitor their blood sugar as it has the potential to increase the release of insulin.
At the heart of the stormy matter are macrophages (‘first responder’ white cells activated by damaged cells or foreign invaders such as bacteria or viruses) and CD8+T-lymphocytes (circulating white cells that leap into
So the human lung and too many cytokines is way too much of a good thing, causing swelling, hemorrhage, and tissue death which are, ironically, more a result of the body’s defense mode than a primary flu-generated injury. Scientists theorize that young people may have a more robust cytokine response and less H1N1 immunity from previous exposure compared with older populations.
- As of today, 8 cases have been reported in the US from California and Mexico that have been identified as the swinish H1N1 flu but mild and self-limited illnesses in those affected. Remember, increasing evidence suggests that robust body levels of vitamin D are flu-protective, so this might be a good time to get your blood tested for vitamin D and step up your supplements under advisement with your
One drug that does show some promise is an antiviral medicine called Relenza (zanamivir) it is inhaled through the nose and has been shown to produce fewer side effects.
- Take vitamin C (ascorbic acid) every day, some recommend mega doses (20,000mg per day) against Avian Flu “there is no comprehensive study to confirm this but some use the 1949 case of Dr. Frederick Klenner, a clinical researcher from Reidsville, North Carolina, who infused 60 polio patients with massive intravenous doses of Vitamin C “(20,000mg daily for three days — today’s recommended daily allowance is 60mg) After the treatment and a period of rest, all 60 were cured.
NOTE: There is no way to tell if Vitamin C can have this effect on Avian Flu until it is tested against it under laboratory conditions. If you are ever infected and your treatments are unsuccessful, it may be your physicians’ best “last resort” method to help you recover. See the following links:
http://www.orthomolecular.org/resources/omns/v01n12.shtml http://www.apfn.net/Messageboard/11-03-05/discussion.cgi.67.html http://www.newmediaexplorer.org/sepp/2005/10/28/avian_flu_is_specialization_killing_us.htmhttp://www.worldwidehealthcenter.net/articles-361.html
For flu viruses, the primary methods of transmission will be pneumonic (by air — virus loaded droplets of their saliva float in the air and, are inhaled by someone standing nearby) and, by direct contact, hand to nose, eye & mouth. Most colds and flu viruses are caught when people sneeze, cough, exhale or, shake the hand of someone who is infected and touch the inside of their nose, eye and in some cases mouth.
The virus (in aerosolized droplets) can also be (in some cases) transmitted over longer distances if the air currents in the room are strong enough to keep the droplets floating and high enough to be inhaled before they settle on the surrounding surfaces (current data suggests that flu viruses can survive up to four days outside of a host (body) see link:http://vetextension.psu.edu/Newsletters/vn/vn0404.pdf.
Wash your hands frequently; almost compulsively during a flu outbreak check this link and follow the advice religiously see link: Wash Your Hands Holiday Jingle http://www.cdph.ca.gov/programs/immunize/Documents/WashYourHands_jingle.mp3
Keep a large supply of non-perishable food items and water stocked away in your home during winter months. Contrary to what you may hear from the federal government, two weeks is not enough. For a global pandemic, you would need from one (minimum) and for worse case scenarios – three months or even more. This will cut back on the need for traveling to supermarkets and grocery stores where you could encounter someone with the infection and acquire it. In addition, this will also allow you to stay inside of your home just in case your area became quarantined.
High Risk Areas
Crowded subway cars “ This is an extremely high risk area. The poor ventilation combined with the close proximity of the riders creates the perfect environment for transmission. One infected passenger that is sneezing or coughing can potentially infect a number of others standing or sitting nearby.
3M 8233 N-100 respirator
Always wear an N-100 or N-95 masks and surgical gloves when riding. Do not be concerned about looking strange. You will look much worse if you contract avian flu.
If possible, wear eye protection to prevent touching eyes with contaminated hands. The spray from a sneeze can also deposit the virus onto the eye surface. Eye protection reduces this risk. The suggested eyeshields are military style or sports eyeglass goggles with protective barrier lining. They range in price from $20 to $100 dollars.
|Military style | Sport style|
Crowded subway platforms “ Not as bad as a subway car, but still a high risk environment. Mask, gloves & eyeshields should be warned to maximize protection.
Crowded buses “ Another high risk area, potentially as bad as crowded subways. The risk can be significantly reduced by opening windows.
Passenger trains & aircraft “ One infected passenger in a railroad train can potentially infect others up to five rows ahead. On an aircraft, this effect is magnified by the compressed air in a sealed environment
Taxicabs, limousines, ambulances, police cars with closed windows “ an infected driver will fill the air with virus loaded micro-droplets upon exhalation. The droplets will settle on the hard surfaces contaminating them. When traveling in a cab always keep your passenger window open, wear gloves.
Crowded theaters, airports, bus terminals, indoor sports events, concerts and other public gatherings.
All public contact surfaces present a high degree of risk during pandemics this includes — doorknobs & handles, handrails (escalators & stairways) elevator buttons, sinks, toilets & every surface in a public bathroom, computer keyboards (internet café’s etc.) public phones, subway & bus poles, turnstiles, cab doors and any other hard surface (and some softer, as in the case of seating) you encounter publicly.
Money (coins) often overlooked, this will also be another source of transmission. After handling money, make sure to wash you hands or use your hand cleaning solution.
Outdoor events – (if very crowded)
Restaurants – highly subjective! A restaurant’s safety depends on the diligence of the workers, precautionary measures taken during food preparations and ventilation. As a rule, to be on the safe side, they should be avoided during pandemics. Fast food restaurants are also high risk. Food is served on trays that are rarely cleaned. Cleaning instruments (mops & rags) are not sterilized. Influenza viruses require up to 2 minutes of exposure (or more) to a disinfectant solution to kill them.
Elevators – High risk! One infected person who sneezes in a crowded elevator has the potential to infect nearly everyone riding with them.
Malls “a well-ventilated mall should be relatively safe during a pandemic if it is not crowded, the ventilation is good and caution is exercised while inside.
Offices “ a crowded office is like an influenza superhighway. The dry air, poor ventilation and close proximity of the workers make another ideal transmission spot that is almost as dangerous as crowded subway cars & buses. Office workers will need to take extra measures to prevent contraction and transmission.
Hospitals “ There will be a large concentration of infected people cycling through the hospitals. This will obviously result in the transmission of the virus to many patients and workers. When entering a hospital, always make certain to follow every protective protocol to the letter!
Nursing homes “ many elderly people will contract influenza and spread it to some of the workers and health care professionals.
Public Laundromats “influenza can be transmitted by handling contaminated clothing.
Supermarkets – relatively safe if the ventilation system is working properly and crowds are low. NOTE: Special attention must be paid to contact surfaces (products). During a pandemic, surgical gloves should be worn
Cats – birds are not the only animal source of the avian flu. Cats can contract the virus and transmit it. See:
Since they live in such close proximity to humans, they pose a serious threat to public health during a pandemic.
A cat that is suspect must be avoided. Or, it must be captured by professionals to be tested by the medical authorities. If you own a cat, you must not let it venture outside during a pandemic where it can be exposed to a possible source of the virus. If it is infected, it will contaminate your environment and spread the infection to anyone who comes in contact with it.
If your cat is infected, you must carefully throw out the litter and litter box. Wear a mask & protective clothing while moving it. Place it inside of a sealed plastic bag and tape a label on it marked dangerous biological waste to warn sanitation crews.
You must then thoroughly clean your home or apartment taking note of every area where your cat would sleep or play. Use a strong disinfectant that lists its effectiveness against influenza. If you have a carpet or rug in your home, it will have to be thrown out along or steam cleaned by professionals with PPE. (personal protective equipment)
NOTE: As grim as it sounds — in a pandemic, there may be a need for the mass culling of cats & any other animal that can contract the virus and transmit it to humans.
Playgrounds – They are rarely cleaned and some of the contact surfaces that are not exposed to direct sunlight (the UV radiation in sunlight kills the H5N1 virus) can become contaminated. Children will contract influenza by touching the surfaces and scratching their eyes, mouth and noses.
1/2 Gymnasiums – Machines that are not disinfected after each use can become contaminated. In addition, crowded gymnasiums with poor ventilation systems can be a very dangerous point of transmission for the avian flu virus.
All Delivery Services “ delivery service workers will be exposed to a number of dangers that not only place them at a higher degree of risk; but also to become part of the problem by helping to actually spread the disease to others after becoming infected.”
Website links for information
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention?www.cdc.gov/flu/avian/
OSHA’s Guidance for Protecting Workers Against Avian Flu?www.osha.gov/dsg/guidance/avian-flu.html
World Health Organization?www.who.int/csr/disease/avian_influenza/en/
1. World Health Organization. Avian influenza: assessing the pandemic threat. 2005 [cited 2005 Jan]. Available from http://www.who.int/csr/disease/influenza/WHO_CDS_2005_29/en/index.html
2. Virus Transmission study for airplanes http://www.fluent.com/solutions/aerospace/pdfs/ja195.pdf
3. Nonpharmaceutical Interventions for Pandemic Influenza, International Measureshttp://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol12no01/05-1370.htm
4. World Health Organization. WHO global influenza preparedness plan: the role of WHO and recommendations for national measures before and during pandemics. Annex 1. 2005 [cited 2005 Apr]. Available from http://www.who.int/csr/resources/publications/influenza/WHO_CDS_CSR_GIP_2005_5/en
5. Pandemic Influenza, what it is and what you can do.http://home.san.rr.com/earlybird/BF_PSA.pdf
6. World Health Organization. Non-pharmaceutical interventions: their role in reducing transmission and spread. 2005 [cited 2005 Nov]. Available fromÂ http://www.who.int/csr/disease/avian_influenza/pharmaintervention2005_11_3/en/index.html
7. World Health Organization Writing Group. Nonpharmaceutical public health interventions for pandemic influenza, national and community measures. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006;12:88 “94.”
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10. Sheat K. An investigation into an explosive outbreak of influenzaâ ”New Plymouth. Communicable Disease New Zealand. 1992;92:18 “9.”
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17. Mills CE, Robins JM, Lipsitch M. Transmissibility of 1918 pandemic influenza. Nature. 2004;432:904 “6.
18. Ferguson NM, Cummings DA, Cauchemez S, Fraser C, Riley S, Meeyai A, et al. Strategies for containing an emerging influenza pandemic in Southeast Asia. Nature. 2005;437:209 “14.
19. Neuzil KM, Hohlbein C, Zhu Y. Illness among schoolchildren during influenza season: effect on school absenteeism, parental absenteeism from work, and secondary illness in families. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2002;156:986 “91.
20. Cumpston JHL. Influenza and maritime quarantine in Australia. Report no. 18. Melbourne: Commonwealth of Australia, Quarantine Service; 1919.
21. McQueen H. “Spanish ‘flu” 1919: political, medical and social aspects. Med J Aust. 1975;1:565 “70.
22. New South Wales Department of Public Health. Report on the influenza epidemic in New South Wales in 1919. Section V. Sydney: William Applegate Gullick; 1920. p 139 “272.”
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25. Barry JM. The great epidemic: the epic story of the deadliest plague in history. New York: Viking Penguin; 2004.
26. Peltier. L’ÃpidÃmie d’influenza qui a sÃvi en Nouvelle CalÃdonie en 1921. Bulletin de l’Office International d’HygiÃ¨ne Publique. 1922;14:676â€“85.
27. Patterson KD. The influenza epidemic of 1918“1919 in the Gold Coast. J Afr Hist. 1983;24:485 “502.
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When the going gets really tough, get going with these IPN approved emergency transportation systems
Disasters and other emergencies often produce severe damage to buildings, bridges and roads that can make travel in normal vehicles difficult and in many cases impossible. It may sometimes be necessary to utilize unorthodox specially designed vehicles to move safely and swiftly to safe areas. This is why the IPN has created this section to feature and review the top emergency transportation systems designed for land, sea and air.
When disasters strike, you must have an emergency food and water supply in your home/automobile and even a small supply at your workplace/business.
In many cases during large-scale emergencies or disasters, food will disappear from supermarket shelves and deliveries will be disrupted and scarce.
Water treatment facilities may also cease to function due to power outages (blackouts) or damages produced by the disaster.
Your tap water may not be safe to drink. In the case of a radiological emergency, even boiling will not sufficiently clean your water and render it safe for consumption. If you don’t have an emergency water supply, you may be forced to either consume contaminated water. This could produce severe almost immediate illness or future diseases.
Proper food, nutrition and water are your first line of defense for your health when disasters or, other emergencies strike!
SECTION 1. EMERGENCY FOOD & NUTRITION
The I.P.N. strongly recommends that every home must have an emergency food and water supply that can provide all of the occupants with a minimum of two weeks of water and food.
We would prefer a month, however we understand that in our shaky economy many people don’t have the resources to purchase a months worth of supplies. Two weeks is better than one, or none.
It’s important to add that an emergency food supply is great to have during an economic crisis. When money isn’t available to purchase food, it is wise to have emergency food stored away.
When choosing emergency food, you must consider the following factors:
1. Nutritional Value. During disasters, your body is subjected to high levels of stress. The food that you eat during this difficult period must be very nutritious and, provide your body with the extra energy it needs to perform the many strenuous tasks that disasters and emergencies almost always manifest. Good health is by far, your most indispensable commodity — and, is the foundation that your entire life rests upon during turbulent times.
2. Shelf life – You must know how long your food can be stored. You must also consider what the ideal temperature and location for storage is along with the durability of the package it is contained in.
3. Taste – Your storage food should be of a type that you enjoy.
4. Value – You should select a food that has the highest nutritional value, longest shelf life, best taste for the lowest price.
The I.P.N.’s selection is Nuvona Premium Foods.
Why? Over the course of our 23+ years of operation, we’ve tasted pretty much all the top brands of emergency food. Many are delicious and nutritious, but pound for pound don’t have all the qualities that Nuvona Premium Foods have.
This includes the fact that they use non-genetically modified food (Non-GMO) an only the freshest and best ingredients.
The food is also dehydrated and also freeze dried. This extends its shelf life. The packaging is extremely durable, it is relatively inexpensive, offers many varieties including vegetarian meals and, it tastes great.
The CEO of Nuvona Preston Sallenback is also dedicated to providing the public with the highest quality product.
He states “When emergencies happen and stress is at an all time high, food will be one of the first things on your mind and one of the highest priorities, but where are you going to find it?
Are you going to be like the rest of the people in your area and rely on someone else like FEMA or some other governmental agency to come to your rescue? If so, I’d reconsider that idea because it isn’t going to happen.
Having just witnessed the chaos shortly after Hurricane Sandy leads us to believe we must be self-reliant and not dependent on anyone but ourselves, but that would take some planning ahead and did all the homework for you and found the best solution out there, Nuvona Premium Foods.
What sets Nuvona apart from all the others is their premium quality non-GMO ingredients and true gourmet tastes not to mention the fact that they’re simple to prepare! Just add water! Nuvona foods also have a 25+ year shelf life, no MSG, no trans fats, no cholesterol, low in sodium, low in fat, high calorie & fiber meals that use Sea Salt and come in both Gluten Free and Vegetarian varieties.”
No matter where you are or who you are, the I.P.N. believes that safe shelter is a human right for all who live on our planet. With the technological tools and techniques available to us today, there is no excuse for anyone, anywhere to be without a home.
In addition, it should be inexpensive, highly resistant to hurricanes, floods, tornadoes and many other natural and technological disasters; and manufactured from recycled waste products or locally available material such as the Cal-Earth “Superadobe” home pictured below.
The I.P.N. Ikhaya Eco Human Shelter Initiative (formerly LIfe-O.N.E.) was created to provide the public with information about how to build the most innovative, inexpensive, “green” disaster resistant temporary, portable and permanent homes. Ikhaya-Eco will also introduce its own creations ranging from emergency shelters to portable mini-homes.
These structures can be used as emergency shelters after disasters strike, low cost urban and rural housing, shelter for the rapidly growing homeless population in the USA along with impoverished communities in developing nations across the globe. The Ikhaya-Eco program will place an emphasis on the use of locally available resources and materials to reduce the environmental impact of construction. This includes the use of waste material such as scrap metal, plastic, old tires, wood etc. reconfigured into disaster-resistant structures that can serve as temporary or in many cases permanent shelter. These homes, designed by I.P.N. Executive Director Aton Edwards (and other contributors to the initiative) are also created to serve as what Edwards deems as “ultra low cost homes.” (ULCH) His designs can be built with unskilled labor and range in price from $600 to 12,000 dollars. (plumbing, electric & furniture not included) Many can be disassembled and moved from location to location. Others can be towed by human power (walking, bicycle, handcart) or even carried in a backpack.
Edwards designed the devices to in his words “provide the world’s poorest with the means to protect themselves from the elements and live in dignity.” He adds – “given the volatile state of the American and global economy combined with several other factors, the problem of homelessness will continue to grow. In some cases exponentially. The solutions to this will be the development of practical, non traditional emergency and permanent shelters that are available to all who need them.”
“The need for methods of providing shelter for millions around the world who lack it must be fulfilled or this tragic situation will continue to grow.” The video below describes the Hexayurt, an emergency shelter invented by Vinay Gupta.
The Hexayurt is one of the Ikhaya Eco’s recommended emergency shelter designs.
Geodesic domes are another of the recommended emergency & permanent shelter designs. In terms of simplicity, cost, disaster resistance, construction time, they rank as one of the top, most practical, cost-effective and simple solutions to the emergency-housing crisis around the world.
- Geodesic domes are not only easy and inexpensive to construct, but they are also incredibly disaster resistant.
- Their geometric configuration transfers all loads (weight) equally across the entire shape giving them tremendous strength. Most available today can withstand the strongest hurricane, and even powerful earthquakes.
A number of companies manufacture kits that allow for the rapid construction of these domes. One of the best is Pacific Domes.
John Penley is a activist, homeless advocate Vietnam Veteran and photo journalist who also believes that safe shelter is a human right. For several years he has tirelessly campaigned to raise awareness about
This In September 2005, the respected Journal Science released the results of a comprehensive study about the effects of global warming on our weather, particularly tropical cyclones (hurricanes). The study suggests that meteorologists are beginning to identify links between the increasing power of tropical storms and greenhouse gas fueled ocean warming.
One section of the report highlights an atypical 80% increase worldwide in the profusion of severe Hurricanes over the past 35 years. The author of the first study, Kerry Emanuel of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology states that “There’s a strong suggestion of a link” between the growing greenhouse and intensifying tropical cyclones. Another major related problem is that the rising temperatures are beginning to melt glaciers and polar ice sheets.
According to Gerald Meehl from the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), by the year 2100, our climate will warm by one degree and the seas will rise 4 inches. Some studies state that the situation is much worse and that the global average temperature will rise 6.3 degrees and the sea level rising by more than a foot. Meehl says “Even if we stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations, the climate will continue to warm, and, there will be proportionately even more sea level rise.”
These conditions will produce numerous weather related disasters in the Gulf state region for many decades to come. In order to avoid the enormous amounts of property damage and human suffering produced by Hurricane Katrina, and similar future events, a new generation of homes and other structures must be built in these areas that can withstand even the most severe storms, floods and tornadoes.
There are a number of manufacturers in the United States that produce structures of this type. They are relatively simple and much quicker to construct than traditional homes. In addition, they are:
Practically maintenance free,
Many times more energy efficient,
In most cases, much more cost effective.
Power outages and water treatment system failures are other critical casualties of large scale weather emergencies. The inability to produce potable water can have grave effects during and after disasters strike. Power outages can impair rescue & recovery efforts, disable critical health care & communications systems, along with a creating a number of other very serious problems.
There are new power generation and water purification technologies that render some of the old systems obsolete. They are self-contained, have few or no moving parts and, can be easily fortified to survive nearly all weather related disasters. The I.P.N. Ikhaya-Eco Human Shelter Initiative i Coast Mississippi area will utilize these technological wonders to help provide disaster resistant & energy independent structures for many of the residents that were displaced by Hurricane Katrina. It will also serve as a model for surrounding communities to “adopt” the very same program. If they do, when more large similar storms occur, this will dramatically reduce the amount of:
- Physical injuries
- Property damage
- Structural damage
- Property & homeowner insurance claims
- Small business losses
IPN Shelter From The Storm will help to provide Gulf coast communities with the methods and equipment they will need to keep their communities intact during even the worst meteorological conditions.
About Shelter From The Storm Program
The Shelter From The Storm project began two months after the Katrina Disaster when IPN Executive Director Aton Edwards and his friend (and IPN member) former Miss Mississippi Toni Seawright decided to develop a special program to provide disaster resistant housing for the Mississippi gulf coast storm survivors that lost their homes. As a Mississippi gulf coast native, Toni was particularly concerned about the residents of her home state and she felt that her organization IPN should do something to help the residents of her beloved state to recover.
The IPN Executive Director agreed. He called a meeting with his fellow IPN officer Ron Peterson and together, they quickly assembled the Shelter from the Storm program along with an emergency dome building foundation run by Toni Seawright called A Dome for Life. The formal mission of Shelter From The Storm is:
- The development of low income permanent disaster-resistant, environmentally friendly energy independent (zero energy) homes and businesses in Mississippi
- The development of an economic empowerment zone to encourage small (and large) businesses to invest in the re-development in the area.
- The creation of disaster-resistant headquarters for local Police, firefighters & other rescue personnel
Shelter From The Storm’s primary mission is to build disaster resistant homes; and there is no structure in the world that is more disaster resistant than the dome. Shelter From The Storm will utilize three different types of modern domes.
1. American Ingenuity Geodesic domes
2. Monolithic domes
3. Nest Egg Domes
It has been over 60 years since Bucky Fuller invented the Geodome to provide the world with inexpensive disaster resistant shelter. There is no other structure available that can provide homeowners with the same degree of protection. Geodomes use an arrangement of triangles fashioned roughly into the shape of a half-sphere. The structural elements equally divide the total load of the structure, and dynamic forces such as wind or even lateral motion produced by earthquakes giving the dome incredible strength and durability.
Geodomes also have more space than a traditional structure. This is because their semi-spherodial configuration has the highest ratio of enclosed area to external surface area of any shape The design is so efficient that Mother Nature herself chose to use it in the form of a Carbon atom cluster discovered by the scientists Harold Kroto, Richard Smalley and Robert Curl back in the early 1990′s. They decided to call it Buckyfullerene due to its structural similarity to his Geodomes.
Geodomes are more durable, use far less material and are much easier to construct than their old world counterparts. Best of all, they require half the energy required to heat or cool. The Geodomes that will be used by Outreach of Love cost less than half of a comparable sized traditional home. Much less, if the homeowners are willing to help with the construction.The Geodomes built in the Gulf Coast area will be prefabricated steel-reinforced concrete kits manufactured by the American Ingenuity company of Rockledge Florida. They are very easy to build, inexpensive, disaster-resistant, completely fireproof, and beautiful as you can see from the pictures shown on page 6. These homes range in size between 30′ – 48 ‘ in diameter. Some, called emergency eco-shelters are extremely inexpensive and small enough to be built in a day. These can be used as emergency shelters for trailer park residents, Police or small disaster resistant storage areas.
And the kit prices are from $12, 543- 46,357 The prices are a bargain when you consider what you get, a maintenance free disaster resistant fireproof home for half the price of a conventional home. These Geodomes can withstand a direct hit by a large hurricane and even most tornadoes. A termite would break his mandibles on it and there isn’t any need for roofing. They can also be “Earthbermed” for added protection from storms. The following pictures are a few examples of the AI domes that will be used
The next level of Dome is manufactured by Monolithic Domes, a company created by David B. South and his brothers-Barry and Randy South. Monolithic Domes specializes in creating steel reinforced thin shell concrete domes that are even more disaster resistant and durable than the American Ingenuity Geodomes.
Formworks NestEgg Earthhouse near Telluride, Colorado
Formworks NestEgg Home in Idaho
This is a 40 x 52 elongated dome built on flat ground with two grade level entries and a 32 foot wide South facing opening for enhanced view and solar gain. Self sufficiency and low heating/maintenance costs are the result, and no frozen pipes even with no additional heat. One of the advantages of an earth sheltered home is that the roof can be used as extra space on your property. You can plant a vegetable garden on it or shrubbery, or, you can allow for wild growth that will let your home blend perfectly into the environment. NestEgg homes can have a life of between 200 to 1000 years!
This saves an enormous amount of natural resource by eliminating the need to build new structures to replace the old. NestEgg homes are four inch thick concrete shells insulated by the earth. They require very little heating in the winter months – even in extremely cold environments or cooling in the summertime. This thermal effect reduces the need for heating oil or even electrical power to regulate the interior temperature by over 90%. The less fuel oil burned or electrical power used translates directly into reduced emissions.
The NestEgg domes can be constructed for Police, Firefighters and Small Medical clinics.
Geodesic Dome building specifics
The types of domes used in the Shelter From The Storm project will vary in accordance to individual needs, location and resources. Geodomes and earth – sheltered homes are designed to withstand winds that exceed 150 knots (level 5). Earthquakes also do little damage (under 7.2). The major threat to this type of home is flood. It is recommended that Geodomes are built on high ground, and away from rivers, lakes and oceans to avoid large-scale floods. American Ingenuity Geodesic domes can be built on pylons to avoid floods. Dome construction time also varies with the type of structure. The American Ingenuity Geodomes tend to take the least amount of time to build because of their modular prefabricated design. The construction time for the Monolithic and Nest Egg domes depend on the following:
- The experience level of the builders.
- The type of construction site
- Locally available resources (water for mixing concrete, stand-by electrical power, fuel etc.
- The amount of skilled workers.
- The drying time of the concrete.
- The type and size of the dome.
Typically, an American Ingenuity dome can be built in less than a month with experienced labor. A monolithic or NestEgg takes approx. twice as long (this does not include plumbing)
In the case of the American Ingenuity domes, contractors will not be necessary. They are designed to be built by non-skilled workers. “AI” domes come in kits that can be assembled with a minimum of tools and labor. When contractors are needed, they can be hired from nearby locations. The kits will be delivered by truck to the sites.
Only local workers and U.S. documented citizens from the local area will be hired at the Shelter From The Storm construction sites. American Ingenuity domes are the least expensive option for dome homebuilders. In terms of quick and easy construction, they are the fastest, least expensive and simple to build. The dome building kits contain all of the triangular and riser component panels for the dome shell and panels for one entryway. Each component panel has 7″ R-28 foam insulation and a steel reinforced concrete exterior surface (22′) domes have 3½ insulation). All triangular and riser panels now include Georgia Pacific ¼ Dens-deck wallboard on the interior surface.
The domes come in the following sizes:
22′ (with 373 sq.ft living area) this small dome is primarily for a single person. Best suitable as a small cottage (studio).
Kit price: $8,360 standard -
27′ (780 sq. ft living area) This is a two level one bedroom dome best suited for childless couples.
Kit price: $11,533 standard -
30′ (1,089 sq.ft living area) this is a slightly larger variation on the 27′ dome.
Kit price: $14,211 standard
34′ (1,466 sq.ft living area) this is a two level dome best suited for couples with one child.
Kit price: $17,046 standard
40′ (2,176 sq.ft living area) this is a three bedroom 2 bathroom dome best suited for a family of four.
Kit price: $21,329 standard
45′ (1,466 sq.ft living area) this is a four bedroom 3 bathroom dome best suited for large families
Kit price: $25,696 standard
48′ (3,141 sq.ft living area) this model dome can have 3 large or four smaller bedrooms and two bathrooms Kit price: $29,665
60′ (5,180 sq.ft living area) this is a large model dome that can be split into three levels. This can be used as a large home, police station small medical clinic etc. Kit price: $43,346
The building options for each structure are determined by the users need. The dome entryways are available as standard, high profile and also garage. 22′ and 27′ domes can only have garage entryways. Entryway panels have 3½” EPS and are concreted on the interior side. Dormer panels have 3½ EPS wrapped in steel mesh. Both entryway and dormer panels require on-site stuccoing. 22′ and 30 domes can have window dormers only ion the 1st floor. Skylights do not open and are installed inside of triangular component panels. There is no cost for a standard link when two domes are purchased.
Many homeowners may choose to link their domes together. Clusters of domes can also be linked together in this way. Link panels utilize 7″ EPS and are not concreted or wrapped in steel mesh. For the complete American Ingenuity dome building details please refer to the American Ingenuity dome building packets section. The American Ingenuity domes will be used primarily as permanent residences for Katrina victims, day care centers, clinics and other light duty general shelters.